Stowarzyszenie Projektów Międzynarodowych „INPRO”

Early marriage and the dangers that come with it

Early marriage and the dangers that come with it

       Early marriage or child marriage is still an important problem in this modern world. Although the world is reaching new heights of development in many different fields , the facts of underage marriage are still being reported in several parts of the world. The problem is especially acute in the developing world, where people are struggling to protect their rights on a daily basis. To be able to find ways to solve the problem, it is first important to understand the essence of it, its causes, and contributing circumstances. Particularly unfortunate is the fact that children who are victims of premature marriage always remain victims, because their help failed when it was most needed. Even now, when people from the developed world are busy with our daily activities, we study in universities, master foreign languages, acquire knowledge in the direction we want, and simply develop ourselves, other people living on this planet are struggling for a normal life. 

     What is early marriage and at what age is marriage considered premature? 

      “Child Marriage is defined as a marriage of a girl or boy before the age of 18 and refers to both formal marriages and informal unions in which children under the age of 18 live with a partner as if married.”¹ A person under the age of 18 is considered a child, therefore his / her presence in a formal or informal marriage is not allowed by law. 



Reasons for early marriage

 We encounter cases when child marriage is mercantile in nature and is aimed at obtaining economic benefits. Thus, in the developing part of the world, girls are often perceived as a lucrative opportunity for economic enrichment, which is a uniquely appalling fact. It is due to this fact that early marriage of girls is very relevant in those countries where poverty and difficult economic situations are observed. Published data show that in recent years most underage marriages take place in India, where more than 15 million girls have to start a family at an early age. Next, come 4,451,000 million girls in Bangladesh. The list also includes Brazil and Mexico, where the number of girls mentioned exceeds several million.²



        The consequences of marrying underage girls are tragic. First of all, their marriage is meant to take them away from active social life, which is manifested in the fact that girls drop out of school and get involved in family life. Naturally, at such times they are left without education, which forms one big endless circle. What I mean is that everything I am talking about in this article is the result of insufficient education. The level of education of the population is low in developing countries, where the problem of early marriage is present. In addition to this fundamental problem, early marriage results in problems such as domestic violence, abuse, premature pregnancy, which is sometimes a provocative factor for severe health damage and even early death.


What is the solution?

       As we have already discussed in early marriages the problem is quite complex insofar as it does not stem from just one circumstance. Therefore, to find a solution, it is necessary to consider all the above factors. I think raising the level of awareness will simplify this difficult goal and bring it relatively close to solving it. I also think this is not a problem for individuals or girls who have been married before as a result of the influence of those around them. I believe this is the problem of all the people who claim to be developed people in our era. The 21st century and the process of globalization have made it possible to spread information quickly. As a result, it is now possible to make a sound anywhere in the world, to learn to distinguish between good and bad. Of course, when dealing with isolated cases we need to respond quickly, however, the only way to finally solve the problem is to take care of education. Because it is inconceivable to have an educated person who does not wholeheartedly resist this crime and it should be prevented by common involvement and participation of us. 


How can you help?

Finally, this problem also exists in Georgia. Based on recent data and the existing reality, I and my Georgian friends find it necessary to consider early marriage as one of the most acute problems that threaten the development of adolescents in many respects. We have planned and implemented a project aimed at raising awareness among children. Our meetings included an information campaign to identify ways to solve the problem based on cognitive activities. I think projects like this are a public good that really brings benefits.

Mariam Kvetenadze